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Xi’an Introduction

Xi’an is not only a historical and culture city, but also a trendy city permeated with modern tempo. Xi’an used to be a world-renowned leisure city a thousand years ago. In Han and Tang dynasties, Chang’an city had Huaqing and Tangyu Hot springs in the vicinity. The poem “Peach blossom and hot spring water in March make one feel indulged spring” which explains the easy and comfortable life attitude has been passed down up till now. 
Capitalizing on the advantageous geographic environment and hot spring resources, Xi’an has developed many hot spring bathing sites. The magic therapeutic effects proved by the hot springs have drawn the interests of many tourists from home and aboard. The light and electrical motorcade parade converging the culture of thirteen dynasties is a culture event as well as an art exhibition which demonstrates the historical changes and splendid culture of Chinese nation. Apart from the long history and rich culture, Chinese and western style mixed bars and elegant golf sport add a modern flavor to the ancient capital of Xi’an.

Xian, the eternal city, records the great changes of the Chinese nation just like a living history book. Called Chang'an in ancient times, Xian is one of the birthplaces of the ancient civilization in the Yellow River Basin area of the country. During Xian's 3,100 year development, 13 dynasties such as Western Zhou (11th century BC - 771 BC), Qin (221 BC - 206 BC), Western Han (206 BC - 24 AD) and Tang (618 - 907) placed their capitals here. So far, Xian enjoys equal fame with Athens, Cairo, and Rome as one of the four major ancient civilization capitals.

Xian is the capital of Shaanxi province, located in the southern part of the Guanzhong Plain. With the Qinling Mountains to the south and the Weihe River to the north, it is in a favorable geographical location surrounded by water and hills. It has a semi-moist monsoon climate and there is a clear distinction between the four seasons. Except the colder winter, any season is relatively suitable for traveling.

The cultural and historical significance of the area, as well as the abundant relics and sites, help Xian enjoy the laudatory title of 'Natural History Museum'. The Museum of Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses is praised as 'the eighth major miracle of the world', Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang is listed on the World Heritage List, and the City Wall of the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644) is the largest and most intact Ming Dynasty castle in the world. In the city, there is the 3,000 year old Banpo Village Remains from the Neolithic Age (approximately from 8000 BC to 5000 BC), and the Forest of Stone Steles that holds 3,000 stone steles of different periods from the Han Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty. Around Xian, the Famen Temple enjoys the reputation of being the 'forefather of pagodas and temples in Central Shaanxi,' because it holds the finger bones of Sakyamuni -- the founder of Buddhism. The natural landscape around Xian is also marvelous Mt.Huashan one of the five best-known mountains in China, is famous for its breath-taking cliffs and its unique characteristics.

Traditional downtown Xian refers to the area encircled by the city wall, this has now been expanded to encompass the area within the second ring road (Er' huan Lu). The Bell Tower is the geographical center of Xian and the four main streets are respectively Dong Dajie, Xi Dajie, Nan Dajie and Bei Dajie which are also the main commercial streets. Xiao Zhai, the busiest commercial area is in the southern part of the city and is popular with both youths and students since many universities are located here. Shuyuan Men and the still under construction Luoma Shi are must-visit pedestrian streets in the city. Xian is also famous for its quantity of colleges throughout China. The old campuses of many colleges and universities are massed in the southern suburb of Xian, but most have established new campuses in far southern suburb - Chang'an District due to the lack of space within the city.

As tourist development grows in Xian, the hotel industry flourishes more and more. It is very easy to find a hotel in Xian, ranging from 5 star hotels to youth hostels. Of course, it will be any traveler's first choice to stay in the city center due to the superior geographical location and the convenient transportation.

Praised as 'the capital of table delicacies', Xian has been rich in the delicious Shaanxi snack, delicate Guangdong Cuisine, various kinds of fashionable foreign delicacies, and popular Sichuan Cuisine such as the hot pot. Among all the delicacies, the most famous and popular one is the Muslim Snack Street.

Xian is the most important city in northwest China, and so there are a lot of shopping outlets for locals and tourists alike. There are many big shopping centers, department stores and supermarkets in and around Xian city - the biggest and most comprehensive being Kai Yuan Shopping Mall and Century Ginwa Shopping Mall.

The night life in Xian has a unique glamour. Traditional ways include enjoying the night scenery around the Bell Tower, taking part in a Tang Dynasty Dinner Show, strolling on the ancient Big Wild Goose Pagoda Square and watching the music fountain performance. More modern and fashionable ways include singing in the KTV, hanging out in a bar, or dancing in a Disco. All in all, any experience in this ancient city will bring you fun and possibly a little surprise!

Population: about 8.3 million

Area: about 10,108 sq kilometers

Area code: 029

Toilet facilities: most toilet facilities in emporiums, shopping centers, supermarkets, stations and scenic spots are free.

Banks: Xian Branch of Bank of China offers money changing service.
Xian Branch of Bank of China
Address: 38, Juhuayuan, Beilin Qu, Xian

Post office: (Opening Hours: 8:30-18:00)
City Center: Bell Tower Post Office, Northeast corner of Bell Tower Square
South Suburb: Xiao Zhai Branch, No.3 Xiao Zhai Xi Lu
North Suburb: Bei Guan Branch, No.18 Bei Guan Zheng Jie

Emergency Numbers: 
Fire: 119
Traffic: 122
Ambulance: 120
Police: 110

People's Hospital of Shaanxi Province (Shaanxi Sheng Renmin Yiyuan)
Address: 214, Youyi Lu, Xian
Tel: (029) 85251331
No. 2 College Affiliated to Xian Medical Unviersity (Xian Yike Daxue Di'er Fushu Yiyuan)
Address: 36, Xi Wu Lu, Xian
Tel: (029) 87273634
Xian First Aid Center
Address: 24, Jiefang Lu, Xian
Tel: (029) 87427504

Useful Numbers:
Coach Service (between Xi’an city and Airport) Inquiry: 029-88791384
Flight Inquiry: 029-88798450
Train Ticket Reservation: 96688688 (Service Time: 8:00----22:00)
Public Transport Inquiry: 9600138
Xian Tourists Complain: 87630166
Telephone Number Inquiry: 118114
Taxi Complain: 88624509 
Consumption Complain: 12315
Public Buses Complain: 16801315
China Mobile Customer Hotline: 1860
China Unicom Customer Hotline: 1001
China Telecom Customer Hotline: 10000

Xin Hua Book Store
Address: 370, East Avenue (200 meters away from Bell Tower)
Shaanxi Foreign Language Book Store
Address:349, Dong Dajie (500 meters from Bell tower)

Famous Universities:
Xian Jiaotong University
Address: 28, Xianning Xi Lu, Xian
Northwestern Polytechnical University
Address: 127, Youyi Xi Lu, Xian
Northwest University
Address: 229, Taibai Bei Lu, Xian
Xian International Studies University
Address: 437, Chang'an Nan Lu, Xian