the Silk Road

The Silk Road is international channels with historical significance, passing it, connect ancient Chinese culture, Indian culture, Persia culture, Arabia culture, ancient Greececulture and ancient Rome culture, and improve the exchange of eastern and western civilization. The starting point of the Silk Road is Xi’an, is the right place for the exchange and gathering of eastern and western culture of all ages, and the place that many famous historical characters stayed, left innumerable historical sites and rare cultural relics. 

China is the earliest country of sericiculture and filature. From the 138 BC to 119 BC, Zhang Qian, diplomat of West Han Dynasty, communicated in this ancient way, he led the delegation to bring gold and silk, reached the areas including Loulan (Current Ruoqiang belt), Weili, Guici (Current Kuche), valley of Shu’amu River etc. Le (Current Kashgar), Yutian (Current Hetian), Wusun (Current valley of Yili River), Xinjiang and the Central Asian valley of Amuhe River including Dawan, Kangju, and Dayueshi etc. His vice-envoy also reached Anxi (Current Iran) and Shendu (Current India) to visit. The countries in these areas also sent envoy to China, took business trip in an endless stream. A great deal of silk, ironware, gold and white gold, mirror and lacquer etc. were introduced in China

Northwest areas such as Xinjiang and Gansu have great difference in temperature in the morning and night, the tourist had better bring coat or sweater; while sleeping in the evening, please turn on the air-conditioner to proper temperature, for fear that ill. The Silk Road is long, it is easy to feel tired; some tourist sites such as Tianchi, Nanshan Pasturage, Mingsha Mountain etc. the tourist need to steeped or ride horse and camel, so a pair of proper shoes are quite important. 

Xinjiang is home of fruit, it is a great enjoy eating fruit there, but should no take hot tea after eating it, for fear that the diarrhea. The temperature of Northwest Area is lower than the hinterland, but as many area is high in altitude with strong ultraviolet radiation irradiation, in addition, the highest temperature of Teratoscincus can reach over 40, so the tourist must completely prepare sun-proof articles and medicines or granules for antipyretic, quench and nourishing.


Xinjiang is an area of minority with strong religion sense; Muslem do not eat pork, this is the biggest tabu in their life, should not affront absolutely, especially, in the mosque, do not bring or discuss the topic of pig, for fear that cause misunderstanding.